Headache: What It Is, Types, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
Headache or cephalgia is one of the most common complaints. It can be a symptom of various diseases that require immediate treatment. A person independently tries to drown out the pain with pills, without thinking about the further consequences.
Causes of headache
Headache occurs against the background of the following reasons:
- neck and head injuries;
- hormonal failure;
- constant stressful situations;
- chronic fatigue;
- increased weather sensitivity;
- brain cancer;
- inflammation of the nerves of the head;
- infectious diseases;
- high blood pressure;
- mental disorders;
- vascular diseases;
- the presence of infection.
Sometimes a headache occurs when taking oral contraceptives and foods with a high content of tyramine.
Types of headache, manifestations
There are the following types of headaches:
- Tension type pain
- Horton’s headache
- Headache caused by infections
- Sinus headache
- Headache with increased intracranial pressure
- Headache caused by a lesion of the trigeminal nerve
Headache can be accompanied by the following main symptoms:
- blood pressure spikes;
- heaviness of the lower eyelids;
- general weakness;
- slurred speech;
- muscle pain;
- feverish condition;
- mental fatigue.
To identify the cause of the headache, the doctor examines the patient and clarifies the nature, duration and localization of painful sensations. To confirm the diagnosis, electroencephalography, X-rays, computed tomography, electromyography, MRI and other laboratory diagnostic methods are performed in order to detect infections, autoimmune disorders and other things.